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Selection – Introduction

Selection is the process of picking individuals with requisite qualifications and competence to fill jobs in the organization. A formal definition of selection is, it is the process of differentiating between applicants in order to identify those with a greater likelihood of success in a job. Recruitment and selection are the two crucial steps in the personnel management and are often used interchangeably. However a fine distinction between the two steps. While recruitment refers to the process of identifying and encouraging prospective employees to apply for jobs, selection is concerned with picking the right candidates from a pool of applicants. Recruitment is said to be positive in its approach as it seeks to attract as many candidates as possible. Selection is negative in its application in as much as it seeks to eliminate as many unqualified applicants as possible in order to identify the right candidates.