PRINCIPLES OF SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT

There are three questions uppermost in the minds when someone becomes interested in scientific management principles. First : wherein do the principles of scientific management: differ essentially from those of ordinary management? Second : How and why are better results attained under scientific management than under the other types? Third : Is not the most important problem that of getting the right man at the head of the company? And if we have the right man, can we not leave the choice of the type of management safely to him?

In the case of scientific management the management assume, for instance, the burden of gathering together all of the traditional knowledge which in the past has been possessed by the workmen and then of classifying, tabulating and reducing this knowledge to rules, laws and formulae which are immensely helpful to the workmen in doing their daily work. 

First : They develop a science for each element of a man’s work, which replaces the old rule-of-thumb method. 

Second : They scientifically select and then train, teach and develop the workman, whereas in the past he choose his own work and trained himself as best he could. 

Third :They heartily co-operate with the men so as to insure all of the work being done in accordance with the principles of the science which has been developed.

Fourth : There is an almost equal division of the work and the responsibility between the management and the workmen. The management take over all work for which they are better fitted than the workmen, while in the past almost all of the work and the greater part of the responsibility where thrown upon the men.

Under scientific management, various parameters are studied by undertaking,

a. Work study

b. Task planning

c. Selection and training

d. Tools and materials

e. Worker management interrelationships etc., thereby the management and the execution team are prepared and wasteful areas are identified and improvements envisaged.

In today’s environment of survival of the fittest, no individual methodology can be called as THE METHOD or an individual can be termed as the RIGHT MAN. Frequent reviews, analysis and recommendations of corrective steps, by a team of dedicated professionals, basing on the various observed data, obtaining by scientific methods from on the spot study or from similar situations, is the order of the day.