Meaning of Authority

According to Barnard, “Authority is the character of a communication (order) in a formal organization by virtue of which it is accepted by a contributor to, or member of, the organization as governing the .action he contributes that is, as governing or determining what he does or is not to do, so far as the organization is concerned.”

In the words of Simon, authority may be defined as “the power to make decisions which guide the actions of another. It is relationship between two individuals – one superior, the other subordinate. The superior frames and transmits decisions, with the expectation that they will be accepted by the subordinate. The subordinate expects such decisions, and his conduct is determined by them.”