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Importance of Leadership in Management


By analyzing the functions of leadership, the importance of leadership management can be stated under the following five heads: 

1. Motive Power to group efforts: Managements, for getting the work done by others, is to supply leadership in the organisation. As group efforts and teamwork are essential for realizing organizational goals, leadership, becomes vital for the execution of work. Through the exercise of leadership, managers can influence any group of human work accomplishment. Leadership pulls up the group to a higher level of performance through its work on human relations.

2. Aid to authority: Managers exercise authority in managing people of the organization and their task becomes easy wherever they are aided by leadership. There are serious limits to the use of authority and power in obtaining high performance. Authority alone can never generate the initiative and resourcefulness required in many jobs. But leadership can obtain tangible and improved results of human efforts because of its main reliance on influence. Leadership contains all the essential ingredients of direction for inspiring people and providing the will-to-do for successful work accomplishments.

3. Emphasis on human performance: Effective leadership is needed at different levels of management from top management down process through its leadership action. It is the social skill of leadership that accomplishes objectives by mobilization and utilization of people. The best of the plans can be foundered and the ideal organization structure can be shelved by the deliberate restriction of human effort sat the operating level. High performance of working people is the focal point in managerial work. And this high performance can be secured by leadership of supervisory management.

4. Integration of formal with informal organizations: If management fails to provide competent leadership, informal leadership will prevail over management in controlling and regulating the behavior of employees. Being confronted with such a situation, management fails to influence workers, to improve their performance and to stop employee unrest. Leadership is the natural accompaniment of all associations of human beings. For their personal and social contentment, workers are performed to rely mostly on informal leadership if management cannot provide effective leadership.

Competent leadership can, however, integrate informal organizations with formal organization and utilize them constructively for achieving company objectives.

5. Basis for Cooperation: Leadership provides the basis for co-operation in several ways. Good two-way communication, man-to-man personal relationship, use of participation and creation of opportunity for need satisfaction are meant for increasing understanding between the leader and his subordinates of their mutual viewpoints. This increased understanding obtained through the interactions of individual personalities promotes favorable feelings and attitudes among them.