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Elements of Directing

The directing function includes the following:

  1. Supervision.
  2. Leadership.
  3. Motivation.
  4. Communication.

1. Supervision. It means overseeing the subordinates at work, and is concerned with initiated action and implementation decisions, plans and programmes With a view to accomplishing the stated objectives.

2. Leadership. It is concerned with the ability of a manager to induce his subordinates to strive willingly for mutual goals.

3. Motivation. It means a predisposition to act in a specific goal-directed manner. It points to the state of an individual’s perspective which represents the strength of his or her desire or propensity to exert effort towards some particular behavior.

4. Communication. It means the process of imparting information from one person to another, or from one process to another, in automated systems. It helps to modify human behavior, effect change, make information productive and accomplish goals.